The LRBA documentation must be prepared on the basis that a lender will lend money to your SMSF on limited recourse terms and conditions and unless the SMSF trustee uses a third party lender’s custodian, a related party custodian will purchase an asset to hold on bare trust for the SMSF.
The loan from the lender and any security provided to support it must only be limited recourse.
That is, the SMSF’s liability under the loan agreement and any security must be limited to the SMFS’s interest in the asset.
This requirement also applies to the rights of any SMSF member or third party that may provide a guarantee or collateral security for the loan to the SMSF.
Remember that the trustee of the SMSF and the custodian can’t be exactly the same party or parties (but there can be a commonality between them). If they are exactly the same, there may not be a valid trust.
It is acceptable for members of the SMSF to also be the custodians and / or lender. Although, this will always be subject to the lender’s requirements where the lender is a third party.
IMPORTANT NOTE – unpaid purchase price repayable by after a property transfer to the SMSF from any party will not normally satisfy the SIS borrowing of money requirements and a formal borrowing of money will be required. See SMSFR 2009/2 (ie paragraphs 39, 40 and 52).
Under a LRBA entered on and from 7 July 2010, the SMSF can use the borrowing to pay costs incurred in connection with the purchase such as stamp, legal costs, brokerage, loan establishment fees.
All arrangements under the LRBA must be in compliance with sections 67A, 67B and 71(8) of the SIS Act.
Our fees do not include any part of this work other than to make sure the documents themselves comply. So, we do not accept liability and are not liable for ensuring that the proposed arrangements are in compliance with these provisions including the single acquirable asset requirements.
It is important that your trust deed permits this form of borrowing arrangement and for the asset to be held on trust. If it does not, the trust deed must be amended before the borrowing is entered into.
All superannuation funds must have an investment strategy. If you have not already done so, you need to prepare, adopt, and continually review your fund’s investment strategy.
The strategy must permit the proposed investment under the LRBA. If your investment strategy does not, you will need to modify it accordingly.
You need to ensure that any lease to a related party of the SMSF is in place and complies with the “enforceable” requirement before the purchase of the single acquirable asset is settled/completed.
Section 109 of SIS only requires the borrowing to be on terms and conditions no more favourable to the SMSF trustee than had the SMSF trustee and the lender been dealing with one another at arm’s length.
However, the non arm’s length income provisions of Subdivision 295H (295.550) of the ITAA 1997 (NALI) requires the terms and conditions of the borrowing to be on arm’s length terms and conditions or the income from the asset purchased is likely to be taxed at 45%. See ATOID 2015/27 and 2015/28.
In each case, you look at the terms and conditions as a whole in considering compliance.
Compliance with the NALI provisions will normally mean compliance with the section 109 provisions of SIS.
In Practice Compliance Guideline 2016/5, the ATO sets out safe harbour terms and conditions that, on the basis of the written terms and conditions of the borrowing alone, the ATO accepts as being arm’s length terms and conditions. Those safe harbour terms and conditions are set out at the end of these set up instructions.
If the SMSF trustee is borrowing from a third party, it is reasonable to expect the terms and conditions of that borrowing to be arm’s length terms and conditions, as they have been negotiated in the market place and there is normally evidence that those terms and conditions are also offered to other parties. That will be a matter for the SMSF trustee to determine.
If the SMSF trustee is borrowing from a related party, unless you instruct us not to use the ATO’s safe harbour terms and conditions, the LRBA will be prepared on the basis that its terms and conditions will always be the ATO’s safe harbour terms and conditions.
If the SMSF trustee is borrowing from a related party and you instruct us not to use the ATO’s safe harbour terms and conditions, if the SMSF trustee is taken to task by the ATO about whether the terms and conditions of the loan as a whole are arm’s length terms and conditions, it will be up to the SMSF trustee to prove that they are. So written evidence about that (preferably from more than 1 source) should be kept.
The LRBA will be set up so the loan amount is as advised by you or such other amount agreed between the lender and the SMSF (whether in writing or verbally), which is normally the difference between the purchase price + purchase costs and what the SMSF contributes to the purchase price from its own funds.
Unless you instruct us to the contrary, the interest rate will be the ATO’s safe harbour interest rate.
If it is a related party loan and the SMSF trustee chooses not to use the safe harbour interest rate, the SMSF trustee should keep written evidence (preferably from more than 1 source) to show that the rate used is an arm’s length rate.
If the asset is land, the standard interest rate payable is the Reserve Bank of Australia Indicator Lending Rate for standard variable housing loans for investors.
If the asset is securities, the standard interest rate payable is the Reserve Bank of Australia Indicator Lending Rate for standard variable housing loans for investors + 2%.
The rate for each financial year is the May rate before the start of the year.
The default interest rate is 4% higher than the standard interest rate.
This paragraph applies unless you give us specific instructions that the ATO Practical Compliance Guideline 2016/5 is not to apply. If the asset purchased using the borrowing is land, the loan term cannot be more than 15 years. If the asset purchased using the borrowing is securities, the loan term cannot be more than 7 years.
If for any reason you instruct us that the loan is repayable on demand, that means that if the lender becomes insolvent, the loan could be called up immediately. If that is a concern, then a fixed term loan may be more appropriate and you should contact us about that before you sign the documents.
We note that we do not give taxation advice. However, until clarified further by the ATO, we draw your attention to the capital protected borrowing provisions of Division 247. There is also the non arm’s length income provisions of Subdivision 295H (295.550) of the ITAA 1997 mentioned earlier and with which the SMSF must comply and about which we do not give advice that can be relied on in entering this transaction unless the other have a separate written agreement about that. Normally, the custodian will not need to apply for its own TFN and the SMSF’s TFN should be used.
You should discuss with your accountant whether there are any GST implications arising from the purchase and use of the asset to be purchased with the loan. If GST registration is required while the custodian holds the assets, it will normally be the SMSF trustee that needs to be registered (see GSTR 2008/3).
If the lender is a company, you must ensure that the borrowing arrangements comply with Division 7A of the Income Tax Assessment Act 1936. A deeming clause has been added to the agreement as a compliance safety net (but it is subject to the ATO’s NALI safe harbour terms and conditions if they apply). If applicable, you should discuss this with your accountant, including if anything other than the deeming clause is required.
Please note that the SMSF as the new owner of a property is responsible for registering for land tax and complying with any land tax obligation that it may have as an owner of the property. Where the property is held on bare trust for the SMSF, technically it is the bare trustee that is required to register for land tax purposes. However, apparently, the OSR takes a more practical approach and allows only the SMSF to register for land tax where it is payable for the property. The bare trust should be raised with the OSR if registering the property for land tax but otherwise, we note that we are not responsible for the giving of land tax advice about the structure.
Even though the asset is held by the custodian as trustee for the SMSF, until the asset is transferred to the SMSF, it is the SMSF trustee that should account for all transactions relating to the asset. You should talk to your accountant about this.
Our service is merely to supply LRBA documentation to you as set out above.
We note that we do not give asset protection advice in preparing the documentation. Any human custodian will be personally liable for actions against the custodian, subject to the custodian’s limited right of indemnity against the asset acquired.
We note that we do not give financial advice to you about the benefits or otherwise of entering into the LRBA, which can only be given by someone who holds a financial services licence.
No state or territory in Australia charges stamp duty on a loan.
Stamp duty will not normally be payable in any state or territory of Australia on any purchase or later transfer of listed securities.
Stamp duty is normally payable in all states and territories of Australia on any purchase or declaration of trust over land and any later transfer of that land.
Subject to the following notes, in all states and territories, only nominal stamp duty normally applies on both the attached bare trust documentation [in NSW of $500, Victoria $0, Tasmania $20, ACT $20, Northern Territory $5, Western Australia $20, Queensland $0 and South Australia $0] and when the purchased asset is later transferred from the custodian to the SMSF trustee similar nominal stamp duty applies.
In all of those states and territories, that is only the case if the SMSF can prove that it paid for the purchase price of the asset either from its funds or from a loan. It will not be sufficient to simply claim that the SMSF has paid the purchase price, it has to be physically proven from reconciling purchase contracts and settlement statements to the payment of the purchase price through producing bank statements and loan documents.
Note If the asset is not dutiable property, such as a listed security, the initial declaration of bare trust may be liable to duty, in NSW of $500, Victoria $200, Tasmania $20, ACT $0, Northern Territory $0, Western Australia $0, Queensland $0 and South Australia $0.
In the Northern Territory the attached bare trust documentation must be executed prior to any contract to purchase the asset and you need to be able to prove that. Signing and dating the attached bare trust 1 day prior to the purchase contract is the best way to do this.
If a charge / mortgage is granted over the asset to be purchased under the agreement, stamp duty would normally be payable on that charge / mortgage in NSW before 1 July 2016. Mortgage duty was abolished in South Australia from 1 July 2009, Western Australia from 1 July 2008, Victoria since 2004, Tasmania from 1 July 2007 and Queensland from 1 July 2008. There is no mortgage duty in the ACT or Northern Territory.
In NSW, Victoria and Tasmania, interest will normally be charged on unpaid stamp duty from the date 3 months after first execution of any document that is liable for stamp duty. In the ACT, it is 90 days. In the Northern Territory it is 60 days and Queensland, 30 days. In Western Australia and South Australia, lodgement must take place within 2 months. In Western Australia penalties of up to 10% apply for late lodgement and in South Australia, interest and penalties can apply.
The ATO’s published LRBA views can be located at:
We note our prior comments about the capital protected borrowing provisions of Division 247 and the non arm’s length income provisions of Subdivision 295H (295.550).
Care should be taken to ensure taxation compliance of the proposed arrangements and prior to entering the arrangement to otherwise satisfy yourself about the potential taxation implications arising from them, including those arising from the proposed use of the asset that is acquired.
It is not our responsibility to monitor compliance with the ATO’s view on the Loan to valuation ratios set out in the ATO’s Practical Compliance Guideline 2016/5.
On a LRBA for land, the maximum LVR is 70%.
On a LRBA for securities, the maximum LVR is 50%.
For a new LRBA, the LVR is set at the time of the draw down of the loan.
In the case of a marginal LVR for land, an independent registered valuer’s valuation is the best form of evidence.
Last trade evidence would be adequate evidence for a listed security.
A private security may require a formal valuation to show that the maximum LVR of 50% has not been breached.